Journal Club

Highlighting recently published papers selected by Academy members

Monthly Archives: May 2017

Journal Club: ATP could help proteins dissolve in cells, prompting a rethink about its function and evolution

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is widely considered biology’s “energy currency”. A crucial player in cell function, it stores and releases energy for enzymatic reactions in its phosphate bonds. But cells typically hoard amounts of ATP several hundred-fold higher than that needed … Continue reading

Categories: Biochemistry | Cell Biology | Journal Club | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

Journal Club: Analysis of bony fishes suggests convergent evolution is more prevalent than previously thought

Habitats and environmental pressures shape a variety of animal morphologies and behaviors over vast evolutionary time scales. These environmental pressures can sometimes produce nearly identical traits, even in completely unrelated lineages. This phenomenon, called convergent evolution, results in modern species that appear very similar despite … Continue reading

Categories: Ecology | Evolution | Journal Club | Statistics | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: A physicist’s take on the age-old ecological puzzle of how species form communities

Ecologists have long searched for the rules that govern how individual species join together to form a community. Whether forest or desert, the problem is complex. Myriad factors influence a community’s composition and stability —from how strongly species compete to … Continue reading

Categories: Animal Behavior | Applied Physical Sciences | Ecology | Journal Club | Mathematics | Physics | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

Journal Club: Study dissects stereotypes, looking to understand their roots and ways to break them down

A stereotype, put simply, is a belief about a group. But for psychology professor Andrei Cimpian of New York University, that definition doesn’t have sufficient nuance. To understand what a stereotype truly is, he says, we need to understand its … Continue reading

Categories: Journal Club | Psychological and Cognitive Sciences | Social Sciences | Tagged , | 1 Comment

Journal Club: In a first, deep sea robots get a close look at giant larvaceans, a key player in the biological carbon pump

Closer inspection of the giant larvacean, seen here in an undersea video taken by a remotely operated vehicle, could reveal clues about how the deep sea sequesters carbon. Image Credit: © 2017 MBARI In the deeps off Monteray Bay, Calif., … Continue reading

Categories: Animal Behavior | Applied Biological Sciences | Climate science | Ecology | Environmental Sciences | Journal Club | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment