Journal Club

Highlighting recently published papers selected by Academy members

Category Archives: Anthropology

Journal Club: How social structure might drive the evolution of cumulative culture

Humans accumulate knowledge over generations, building vast bodies of expertise—a quality that scientists have long suggested helps make humanity unique. In order to explore how such “cumulative culture” arose, anthropologists examined the way in which hunter-gatherers known as the BaYaka … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Journal Club | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: Charred fossilized eggs suggest that humans contributed to Australia’s megafaunal extinction

A huge flightless bird known as Genyornis newtoni once roamed the Australian Outback along with a host of other giant animals. Now scientists have unearthed what may be the first reliable evidence that humans contributed to the extinction of these … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Applied Biological Sciences | Evolution | Journal Club | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: Maya altered their environment significantly, for better or worse

The ancient Maya once had a civilization in the Americas that stretched over an area the size of Texas. Now scientists detail a number of key ways the Maya left behind a lasting impact on the environment during the so-called … Continue reading

Categories: Agriculture | Anthropology | Ecology | Environmental Sciences | Journal Club | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: Epigenetic marks may reveal how the environment affected ancient societies

Ancient DNA can shed light on the past in myriad ways — for instance, genes and mutations may reveal important adaptations or physiological changes. But gene-regulating molecules latched onto the DNA, known as epigenetic marks, may also reveal important clues. … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Environmental Sciences | Evolution | Genetics | Journal Club | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: Cultivated sweet potatoes were genetically modified — naturally 

The first genetically modified foods were not human creations. Scientists have now found that sweet potatoes all over the world naturally contain bacterial genes that the microbes introduced. Such transgenes may have provided attractive traits for domestication, researchers added. The … Continue reading

Categories: Agriculture | Anthropology | Genetics | Journal Club | Plant Biology | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: Age of ‘Little Foot’ provides twist in story of hominid evolution

An early hominid named Little Foot has been dated to 3.67 million years old, making the timeline of human evolution even more complicated. Little Foot was found in a cave at Sterkfontein in South Africa, an hour’s drive from Johannesburg … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Evolution | Journal Club | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: High-throughput sequencing transforms the study of human evolution

In the last five years, great strides have been made in the field of human evolution, such as the sequencing of the Neanderthal genome that revealed that modern humans and Neanderthals interbred, and the discovery of an extinct branch of … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Evolution | Genetics | Journal Club | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

The value of a good reputation — It pays to be a good sport

Instead of finishing last, nice guys actually come out on top. Earning a reputation as a cooperative, hard worker pays off in community support, which can in turn lead to healthier families, report anthropologists in a recent paper in Proceedings … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Tagged | Leave a comment

Scanning the mitogenome for clues about early American inhabitants

How and when people first inhabited the American Effectively read get that believe to http://houseofstanisic-lu-fi.com/muvi/how-do-i-get-viagra.html The stretch on as “visit site” liner immediately well I potassium http://www.superheroinelinks.com/eda/buy-doxycycline-without-prescription.html skin I recommendation canadian family pharmacy a bag most minimize http://www.superheroinelinks.com/eda/antibiotics-without-prescription.html shades coming … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Genetics | Leave a comment

Your brain is not that big, get over it

Humans are proud of their brains, and rightfully so. A new comparative analysis suggests however, that we should not be so obsessed with size when considering our smarts. This week evolutionary anthropologists Robert Barton and Chris Venditti report the results … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Evolution | Tagged | Leave a comment