Journal Club

Highlighting recently published papers selected by Academy members

Category Archives: Applied Biological Sciences

Gut microbiota help Western corn rootworms adapt

Insects are masters of innovation and so, perhaps, are their gut microbiota. Researchers examining Western corn rootworms have discovered the insects’ gut microbes are helping it adapt to crop rotation, a common pest control method. Corn and soy are the dominant … Continue reading

Categories: Applied Biological Sciences | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Mystery of pulsating corals solved

[youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bp5ZTdmuScU] The way pulsating corals open and close their soft, feathery tentacles in a rhythmic grabbing motion is what earned them their name. First described nearly 200 years ago by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck—the naturalist most noted today for his ideas … Continue reading

Categories: Applied Biological Sciences | Leave a comment

Making vaccines not need refrigeration

Millions of deaths happen each year from vaccine-preventable diseases because vaccines break down from heat and developing countries often lack ways to properly refrigerate them. Now researchers suggest eggshell-like coatings can make vaccines more thermally stable. Vaccines against polio, smallpox, … Continue reading

Categories: Applied Biological Sciences | Pharmacology | Leave a comment

Problems in the cotton field

For US cotton farmers the world changed dramatically in 1996. During the prior year, the nibblings of tobacco budworms, cotton bollworms, and pink bollworms cost the industry upwards of a quarter billion dollars in lost yields. But in 1996 a … Continue reading

Categories: Applied Biological Sciences | Leave a comment

Malnourishment in fetuses a risk factor for later diabetes

In the past century, Austria experienced three major famines. Now researchers suggest those born in these times of hunger suffered from excess risk for diabetes, according to a paper published in PNAS Early Edition. In 1918, at the end of … Continue reading

Categories: Applied Biological Sciences | Medical Sciences | Leave a comment

Gauging the potential of a “micro” window into disease

With every beat of a person’s heart, blood whooshes through their vessels, transporting blood cells, immune cells, oxygen, and nutrients throughout the body. Over time, as blood pulses in and out of the heart, it accumulates other materials—hormones, cells from … Continue reading

Categories: Applied Biological Sciences | Medical Sciences | Leave a comment