Journal Club

Highlighting recently published papers selected by Academy members

Category Archives: Neuroscience

Making decisions mindfully

We breathe in and we breathe out roughly 15 times per minute. Each day contains more than 20,000 breaths. Most escape our notice, but when we pay attention, directing our thoughts inward as in a state of meditation, we use … Continue reading

Categories: Neuroscience | Tagged | Leave a comment

Recovering function after brain damage

Picture yourself driving home. Half way there, you find a huge tree in the middle of the road, blocking your normal route. Rather than abandoning hope, you turn around and go home by another way. When our brain regains function … Continue reading

Categories: Neuroscience | Leave a comment

The brain biology of nicotine relapse

At the moment a former smoker catches a whiff of tobacco, glimpses the corner store where they used to buy cigarettes, or sees a stranger pull a pack of smokes out of their pocket, something happens in their brain that … Continue reading

Categories: Neuroscience | Leave a comment

Predicting decisions before they’re conscious

Daily, we make thousands of decisions: latte or Americano? Brown shoes or black? Though it feels like our choices are made only with our conscious mind, more mysterious forces are at work. Blood flow in our brain indicates how we … Continue reading

Categories: Neuroscience | Leave a comment

Turning off “cortical bursting”, turning on automatic memory

For some Parkinson’s patients, brain surgery can relieve tremors, balance problems, and disease-caused stiffness. One procedure, known as pallidotomy, intentionally damages a structure deep inside the brain. After recovery, patients are generally able to complete learned, well-practiced skills, such as walking, … Continue reading

Categories: Neuroscience | Leave a comment

Making sense of babies’ brains

Newborn babies don’t walk like adults, talk like adults, or interact with others like adults. But do baby brains, at their most basic level of functioning, work the same way as adult brains? Most scientists have assumed so—the cellular mechanism … Continue reading

Categories: Neuroscience | Leave a comment