Journal Club

Highlighting recently published papers selected by Academy members

Category Archives: Sustainability Science

Journal Club: Landscape connectivity key to future animal migration needs in the United States

As the climate changes, plants and animals worldwide are migrating to follow their preferred conditions. Human activity, however, can impede these movements. Now researchers are mapping out ways to help species escape to more suitable climes. The scientists detailed their … Continue reading

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If IPM works so well, why aren’t developing countries adopting it?

For the past 50 years integrated pest management (IPM) has become the go-to strategy for protecting crops. Yet, despite the global praise of scientists, politicians and development agencies, IPM remains severely under-adopted in poor countries. Many obstacles–ranging from a lack … Continue reading

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Adapting to sea level rise cheaper than potential flooding costs

A new study finds that possible global mean sea level rise of up to 4 feet (1.23 meters) by the year 2100 may lead to the flooding of up to 4.6 percent of the global population, in absence of adaptation … Continue reading

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Malaria that comes with irrigation requires long-term planning to control

Irrigation can unquestionably be a boon for populations living in arid regions, helping them grow food, but water and the pests that can live within it may bring diseases such as malaria. Now details from a 10-year study reported this … Continue reading

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Economic cost of fisheries-induced evolution suggests using different nets

For over seventy years, fishery managers have gathered data about the Northeast Arctic Atlantic cod in order to better manage this economically important resource. As previous research has shown, fishing induces evolutionary changes, whether selecting for a particular trait or … Continue reading

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Fewer animals, more money–a new model for grassland management?

Bayin Village sits high on the Mongolian Plateau, part of northwest China’s vast grasslands. This region is inhabited by ethic minorities who graze sheep, goats, and cattle, selling meat to southern and eastern China, where there is greater affluence. Since … Continue reading

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Conservation planning with equity in mind

The challenges of sustainability are becoming more complex, in part, because our increasing population demands ever more from the Earth to meet even our basic needs. But even though there is widespread awareness of the problems of sustainability, including overfishing, … Continue reading

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Water, water everywhere, but not enough to farm

Based on human population growth over the last two millennia, Heinz von Foerster and colleagues famously predicted that our population would approach infinity on Friday, 13 November, 2026. Of course, the 1960 doomsday calculation required paradisiacal conditions, including an unlimited … Continue reading

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