Journal Club

Highlighting recently published papers selected by Academy members

Tag Archives: genetics

Journal Club: Human genetics contributes to gut microbiome composition

Microbial communities in the human gut are formed at birth and shaped over time by a person’s diet, and other aspects of lifestyle and environment. Now scientists have confirmed that human genetic sequence polymorphisms also play a key role in … Continue reading

Categories: Applied Biological Sciences | Genetics | Journal Club | Microbiology | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: How to find the rare, disease-resistant individuals who could help forge new therapies

A new study finds individuals who appear healthy despite having mutations associated with severe childhood diseases, a finding that could help uncover factors that protect against these diseases. “Finding those individuals is the starting point for searching for the other … Continue reading

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Journal Club: High-throughput sequencing transforms the study of human evolution

In the last five years, great strides have been made in the field of human evolution, such as the sequencing of the Neanderthal genome that revealed that modern humans and Neanderthals interbred, and the discovery of an extinct branch of … Continue reading

Categories: Anthropology | Evolution | Genetics | Journal Club | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

The sniff of death — Olfactory receptor found for death-associated odor cadaverine

Whether you are drawn or repelled by the smell of rotting flesh depends upon your perspective as a species. One whiff and we instantly recoil, avoiding the hazard of bacterial contamination. For animals such as rats, goldfish and some insects, … Continue reading

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Predicting cooperative behavior from genes

If only the fittest members of a species survive, then cooperative behavior doesn’t make sense. It is costly to individuals and benefits others. Over the past few years, however, many researchers have shown how cooperative behavior plays nicely with evolutionary … Continue reading

Categories: Evolution | Genetics | Psychological and Cognitive Sciences | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment