Journal Club

Highlighting recently published papers selected by Academy members

Tag Archives: microbiome

Journal Club: In the mouse gut, a bacteria-killing virus evolves to attack a new strain

In scientists’ quest to understand how gut microbes affect human health, bacteria take center stage. But bacteriophages, the viruses that attack the bacteria, are often overlooked, says microbiologist Luisa De Sordi of the Institut Pasteur in France. “We keep an … Continue reading

Categories: Ecology | Evolution | Journal Club | Microbiology | Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: Twin study elucidates environmental, genetic contributions to mouth microbiome and oral health

Some of the mouth’s microbial communities may promote good health, while others contribute to cavities, gum disease, and possibly even heart disease. Now, scientists are learning more about how genetic and environmental factors influence the mouth’s microbial makeup, and how … Continue reading

Categories: Genetics | Journal Club | Medical Sciences | Microbiology | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: Antibiotics alter the honeybee microbiome and increase bee death

Antibiotics could potentially disrupt the health-promoting microbes that make up the microbiomes in humans and other animals. But pinning down exactly how microbiomes and antibiotics affect human health is complicated by the sheer number of microbes involved. Evolutionary biologist Nancy … Continue reading

Categories: Animal Behavior | Ecology | Journal Club | Microbiology | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Journal Club: Human genetics contributes to gut microbiome composition

Microbial communities in the human gut are formed at birth and shaped over time by a person’s diet, and other aspects of lifestyle and environment. Now scientists have confirmed that human genetic sequence polymorphisms also play a key role in … Continue reading

Categories: Applied Biological Sciences | Genetics | Journal Club | Microbiology | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment